China France’s joint statement on strengthening cooperation with biological diversity with the ocean: Kunming -Montreal to Nice

& emsp; & emsp; Xinhua News Agency, Paris, May 6th

China France’s joint statement on strengthening cooperation with biological diversity with the ocean: Kunming -Montreal to Nice

& emsp; & emsp; 1. As a large country and biological diversity country, China and France have reiterated their special responsibilities and ambitions to protect the protection of marine and coastal ecosystems.As the chairman country, China successfully held the 15th Conference of the Convention on Biological Diversity (hereinafter referred to as “COP15”).EssenceThis framework establishes the following goals: By establishing a protected area with ecological representation, good connectivity, and fair governance, and other effective regional protection measures (OECMS), by 2030, effective protection and management at least 30%of land and inland waters, inland waters, inland waters, inland waters, inland waters, inland waters, inland waters, and inland waters,Ocean and coastal areas; By 2030, at least 30%of degenerate land and inland waters ecosystems, ocean and coastal ecosystems will be taken to take repair measures.

& emsp; & emsp; 2. France is willing to continue the road determined by COP15, and will jointly hold the next UN Oceanic Conference in June 2025 in June 2025.Facing the absolute emergency situation of the ocean, the UN Oceanic Conference will be a mobile summit based on specific commitments and marine action comprehensive roadmap.Kunming -Montreal Framework’s action goals and sustainable development goals 14 complement each other: incorporate pollution problems into consideration, protect and repair the ocean and coastal ecosystems, formulate fishing specifications, cope with ocean acidification, and promote sustainable development.

& emsp; & emsp; 3. In order to strengthen the common ambitions of conservation and protection of biodiversity and ocean, the two countries have passed the following joint statements:

& emsp; & emsp; 4. The Chinese and French plans in accordance with the international conventions approved by the two countries, such as the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Marine Law, the Framework of the United Nations Climate Change and the Paris Agreement, the Biological Diversity ConventionCauses the Convention on Pollution “to take related actions.The two countries support the “UN Ocean Science Promotion Sustainable Development Ten Years” (2021-2030).

& emsp; & emsp; 5. The two countries recognize the importance of “Agreement for the Diversity Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Marine Bio, outside the scope of national jurisdiction” (hereinafter referred to as the “BBNJ Agreement”).one.The two countries promise to contribute to the BBNJ agreement as soon as possible and encourage all countries to take the same action.

& emsp; & emsp; 1. Conservation, protection and repair of ocean and coastal biological diversity, and promote multilateralism of the environment

& emsp; & emsp; 6. China and France reiterated their commitments made in Montreal in December 2022, that is, by establishing a protected area with good ecological representative, well -connected, fair governance, and other effective regional protection measures, effective protection of effective protection by 2030And management at least 30%of land and inland waters, oceans and coastal areas; by 2030, at least 30%of the degraded land and inland waters ecosystems, ocean and coastal ecosystems will be taken for repair measures.The two countries acknowledge that the protection measures of marine reserves and other effective areas are important ways to achieve the above goals and will promote the realization of relevant measures.In addition, the two countries promised to implement the decision of COP15 on the number of digital sequence information of genetic resources to share the multilateral mechanism, and pay close attention to the participation and inclusive process of this issue.

& emsp; & emsp; 7. The two countries recognize the implementation of the project standards of Kunming -Montreal framework for more than 6 years.The action goals are consistent.The two countries will emphasize the parts of the ocean in its national strategy and action plan at the United Nations Oceanic Conference in 2025 and the special operations launched for this.

& emsp; & emsp; 8. China and France are willing to strengthen national institutions between the two countries’ coastal and coastal biological diversity conservation, protection and repair.In the dialogue between the Marine Law and Polar Affairs, the two countries implement the BBNJ Agreement in order to combine the Kunming -Montreal framework to share knowledge and best practice, especially about scientific governance, connectivity and effectiveness of the protection of marine reserves and other effective regional protection measures.Management mode.The above dialogue will help ensure the follow -up and implementation of this statement.

& emsp; & emsp; 9. Under the implementation of the BBNJ agreement framework, the two countries promised to carry out bilateral and multilateral cooperation to establish management tools such as protected areas and other regions in accordance with the agreement.The two countries have promised to actively carry out work in the organizations they participate in, promote the realization of the BBNJ agreement goals, and strengthen coordination between institutions.The two countries reiterate the consensus reached on the clauses including Article 18.Based on this, the two countries promised to promote the effectiveness and subsequent implementation of the agreement, and promised to formulate and implement an effective multilateral solution in accordance with the agreement to share the benefit of genetic resources.

& emsp; & emsp; 10. The two countries recognize the important role played by the ocean in terms of carbon storage and carbon sealing.The role of the most important role.

& emsp; & emsp; 11. The two countries are committed to work in the International Primary Administration and believe that the appropriate maritime environment impact assessment should be implemented before any deep -sea submarine mining activity. The risks are understood.Ensure that the International Primary Administration will formulate appropriate rules, regulations and procedures in accordance with the current best scientific knowledge and follow the prudential and ecosystem methods.The two countries encouraged scientific exploration under the framework of the International Underwater Administration and strengthened cooperation for it.

& emsp; & emsp; 2. Strike illegal, do not report or fish regardless of fishing

& emsp; & emsp; 12. The two countries committed to cracking down on illegal, not reporting, or fishing, and claimed this approach in related international organizations.The two countries promised to promote control and monitoring measures in their respective regional fishery management organizations.

& emsp; & emsp; 13. The two countries support the efforts of this issue in the World Trade Organization and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.The two countries promise to implement the relevant agreement on fishery subsidies of the World Trade Organization.China is actively studying the “Port State Measures Agreement” (PSMA), which aims to prevent, prevents and eliminate illegal, does not report or fish regardless of fishing.

& emsp; & emsp; 14. The two countries also recognize that the crackdown on illegal, not reporting, and non -control fishing has cross -domain characteristics, and will actively participate in the relevant work of international maritime organizations and international labor organizations to ensure the safety of fishing vessels.

& emsp; & emsp; 15. Before the UN Oceanic Conference is held, the two countries will explore the prospects of cooperation in cracking down on illegal, not reporting, and indiscriminate fishing.China is willing to actively consider sending staff to participate in related fisheries activities during the UN Oceanic Conference.

& emsp; & emsp; 3. Prevention and control pollution

& emsp; & emsp; 16. The two countries promise to prevent and reduce pollution factors -whether it is chemical, plastic or other types of pollution -and their risks of biodiversity.The two countries will pay special attention to the impact of reducing the above pollution on the diversity of oceans and coastal biodiversity.

& emsp; & emsp; 17. The two countries will be committed to ending plastic pollution based on comprehensive methods.To this end, the two countries have promised to actively promote the reduction of plastic production and use of the source of use, prohibit and reduce the production and consumption of certain disposable plastics, implement the method of “reduction, reuse, and cycle use”, and develop related supporting infrastructure.

& emsp; & emsp; 18. The two countries recognize the importance of the United Nations Environment Conference No. 5/14 (UNEP/EA.5/Res.14).Li’s international document; thinks that inc1s held in Uruguay Esta, Inc3 held in Paris, France, INC3 held in Kenya Nairobi, and INC4 held in Ottawa, Canada made positive progress, and supported it during the INC5 period in Busan, South Korea., Effective efforts to achieve an ambitious and implemented agreement.The progress of the above negotiations will be emphasized at the UN Oceanic Conference in 2025.

& emsp; & emsp; 19. The importance of the two countries recognized the importance of the United Nations Environment Conference No. 5/8 (UNEP/EA.5/Res.8).The scientific and policy committees that are strictly managed by chemicals and wastes and preventing pollution prevent pollution.The results of the two countries are satisfied with the results obtained by the first round of the working group meeting at the end of January 2023, and supported the work group of unlimited membership places from the end of 2024 to the end of 2024. I look forward to establishing a wide range of independent science as soon as possible as soon as possibleThe scope of the policy committee includes chemicals and waste pollution.

& emsp; & emsp; 20. The two countries committed the implementation of the global chemical framework adopted by the Fifth International Conference in Bonn.

& emsp; & emsp; 4. Financing for the implementation of sustainable development goals 14

& emsp; & emsp; 21. The two countries recognize that there is still a funds gap in implementing sustainable development goals 14 and protecting biodiversity.Essence

& emsp; & emsp; 22. According to the relevant decision of the Convention on Biological Diversity, the two countries will promote the significant increase in biodiversity protection funds from all sources, including funds from the country, international, public, and private resources, including developed by developed developmentThe country and voluntary performance of the contracting countries promised by the developed countries, especially the biodiversity provided by the most developed countries and the development of small islands, and the country provided by economic transformation countries. By 2025, the world will reach at least $ 20 billion each year.By 2030, the world will reach at least 30 billion US dollars each year; all sources of funds including multilateral development banks and private sectors will be mobilized.The two countries will use some of these funds to protect the diversity of oceans and coastal biodiversity.The two countries welcomes the positive contribution of Kunming Biological Diversity Fund to biological diversity financing.China welcomes France and the European Union to double the increase in international funds that use it to promote biodiversity.The two countries will support the global biological diversity framework trust funds set up in the global environment fund to invest in operation.The two countries will also pay special attention to the implementation of large multinational companies, multinational companies, and financial institutions in the Kunming -Montereal Frame Corporation 15th.

& emsp; & emsp; 23. The two countries will implement the financing issue of financing issues 14 in the United Nations Oceanic Conference in 2025.In response to the gap of funds, the two countries will prepare a joint financial report based on the specific goal 14.7 of the Sustainable Development Objective 14, and will pay special attention to the situation in the development of small islands.

& emsp; & emsp; 5. The development of scientific knowledge related to marine

& emsp; & emsp; 24. The two countries support the “UN Ocean Science Promotion Sustainable Development Ten Years” (2021-2030).The research of the two countries believes that the research of marine science and marine technology is critical to conservation and protection of marine and coastal biological diversity. The two countries will strengthen scientific cooperation and exchanges between college students and researchers.

& emsp; & emsp; 25. The two countries will pay special attention to the accumulated effects of human beings on the threat of marine environment, such as marine acidification or pollution.This cooperation will also expand to humanities and social sciences, such as sociology, history, law, economics, geography, and urban planning.

& emsp; & emsp; 26. The two countries will support the establishment of a “Promoting Ocean Sustainable International Expert Group” (IPOS) during the consultation process of the UN Oceanic Conference.Under the framework of sustainable development “,” the framework of the United Nations World Ocean Evaluation (WOA) is carried out.

& emsp; & emsp; 27. The short -term goal of iPOS is to establish an international platform that will be integrated for the first time based on sustainable development goals.The purpose is to develop tools to simulate future marine behavior, make suggestions and discuss it by multiple parties.

& emsp; & emsp; 28. Regarding the polar, the two countries realize that they need to carry out ambitious international scientific cooperation.Especially in terms of environmental protection, resource maintenance and biological diversity.

& emsp; & emsp; six, sea transport green

& emsp; & emsp; 29. Shipping undertakes more than 80%of the total value of global cargo transportation, and also generate 2.89%of global human greenhouse gas emissions.Therefore, the two countries hope to cooperate in improving the energy efficiency and energy transformation of ships and ports.

& emsp; & emsp; 30. The two countries jointly committed to implementing the “Ship Greenhouse Gas Devitar 2023 Strategy” adopted by the International Maritime Organization.The two countries believe that in accordance with the relevant rules of the Framework of Climate Change and the Paris Agreement, under the framework of the international maritime organization, they should work together through global coordinated policies, and study technology and market measures to promote the reduction of greenhouse gas reductions in the shipping industry.Line work to enhance sustainable alternative energy competitiveness.

& emsp; & emsp; 31. The two countries believe that the use of shore electricity by ships by ports is one of the key solutions to reduce ship’s suspension on environmental impacts, and will encourage investment in the infrastructure of the opposite shore.The two countries will encourage the transformation from traditional fossil energy to new low -carbon and zero -carbon fuel technology.

& emsp; & emsp; 32. China has noticed that France has signed the “Claders Declaration” to establish a “green shipping corridor”, that is, through the development of energy sources, infrastructure, and zero -emission ships, between two or more ports, between two or more portsFormation of carbon routes.

& emsp; & emsp; seven, blue economic cooperation

& emsp; & emsp; 33. The two countries realize that the ocean and coasts are a large part of the global economy. By 2030, the value of the blue economy is expected to reach US $ 3 trillion., Respect the environment of sustainable economic activities.In this regard, the two countries intend to cooperate in sustainable coastal tourism.

& emsp; & emsp; 34. The two countries encourage their respective financial companies to cooperate in the blue financial sector.

& emsp; & emsp; 35. The two countries can produce ocean renewable energy through energy dialogue, especially the rapid development of maritime wind power and floating wind power, as well as trendy energy and waves of waves.

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