Stain the power of hardworking from the history of the work movement 丨 Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions, which was born in the May 30th Movement,

[Draw the forgiving power from the history of the work movement]

Original title: Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions born in the May 30th Movement

Zou Weimin Li Jian

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Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions mobilized united workers to fight against imperialism, making happiness for workers, and made important contributions to my country’s revolutionary cause.

The Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions was born in the May 30th Movement and became the general commander’s commander agency in Shanghai.Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions mobilized united workers to fight against imperialism, reluctantly rescued strike workers in revolutionary practice, made a happy life for workers, and give full play to the role of the bridge between the party to contact the employees.contribute.

In January 1925, the Four of the Communist Party of China was held in Shanghai. The “Decision on the Employee Movement” adopted by the meeting pointed out that it is necessary to combine the employee movement with the national revolutionary movement and the political struggle with the economic struggle.In order to implement the four major spirit of the party, the Second National Labor Conference was held in Guangzhou on May 1, 1925.The Problem Resolution clearly stated that attending the union of the sea to the sea from the conference, contacting the remaining real unions to jointly organize the total joint authorities of the Shanghai Trade Union.According to the spirit of the meeting, the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions was established on May 2.

On May 30, 1925, the May 30s tragedy occurred. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China held an emergency meeting and decided to launch a strike and strike. On the evening of May 31, the Shanghai Trade Union representatives held joint meetings to publicize the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions.The “Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions” clearly states that “the association is based on unity workers and the purpose of seeking workers’ welfare.”On June 1, the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions publicly announced its establishment and issued a strike order of the General League, becoming the core and banner of the “three” struggles of the May 30th Movement.

Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions, which was born in the May 30 Revolution Storm, quickly became the authoritative leadership agency of the Shanghai workers’ class and carried out a lot of work.

Mobilize workers to join the union.The Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions will organize the leadership of the May 30th Movement and the organizational workers to join the union to call on the workers to establish a trade union to accept the leadership of the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions.In just a few days, the organization of trade unions has been greatly developed. The internal and external cotton veil trade unions, the public concession tram union, and the Dakang yarn factory trade union have been established one after another, and announced that they have joined the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions.In order to make the organization’s organization work smoothly, the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions went deep into the factory to help workers establish a union, and the union organizations of all walks of life sprung up.

Adjust the internal institutions and set up an office.In order to strengthen the leadership of all unions and workers and people, in June 1925, the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions adjusted the internal institutions and set up the general affairs department, propaganda department, communication department, accounting department, and organization department.The Shanghai region is vast, and the factory is lined. For the sake of convenience, the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions has set up seven offices.

Mobilize and command workers to fight against imperial emperor.In the May 30th Movement, the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions closely combined the party’s revolutionary goals with the liberation of the working class, and established the working class as the main force of the working class to unite the majority of students, intellectuals, small and medium -sized businessmen and national bourgeoisie.Make the Shanghai Trade Union a banner of the National Trade Union.

Strive for the legalization of trade unions.Fighting for the legalization of trade unions was an important revolutionary strategy during the Great Revolution.In August 1925, the representatives of various trade unions of the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions held a joint conference in the Anli Tram Union of Xinlu Town, Grand North, and 123 people Li Lisan et al. To the official institutions to apply for a record.After August, according to the gradual contraction of strikes and preservation of revolutionary forces proposed by the party, the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions implemented the contraction strike line, implemented a long -term legal existence of organizational retreat, and strived for a long -term legal existence of trade union organizations.

The establishment of the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions has promoted the vigorous development of the May 30th Movement.At the same time, the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions developed union organizations, cultivated the backbone of workers, trained workers, and accumulated revolutionary forces, and conducted a great exploration for the choice of China’s revolutionary road.

Looking back at the history of the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions during the Great Revolution, the following revelation can be obtained.First, only under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the power of the working class can fully stimulate and become a powerful driving force for social development.At the beginning of the establishment of the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions, it resolutely implemented the party’s decision and organized the leadership class to join the May 30th Movement to close the fate of the majority of workers with the party’s destiny.Second, maintaining the rights and interests of employees is the mission and responsibilities of the union organization.Under the leadership of the party, since the establishment of the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions, the purpose of united workers and the welfare of workers’ welfare in the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions, the demands of increasing workers’ wages, improving workers’ working conditions, and reducing working hours represent the basic voice of the Chinese workers.Thus winning the trust of the majority of employees.Third, the unity and unity of the working class and the union organization is the institutional advantage of the Chinese trade union.Based on the organization of industrial unions and local trade unions in various places, the party established the unified union leadership agency of the national working class, the National Federation of Trade Unions of the National Trade Union.Dispostering towards union.It is precisely because of this unity and unity that the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions has the power to carry the leadership of the May 30th Movement and the follow -up Shanghai Workers’ Movement.

(Author unit: Shanghai Trade Union Management Vocational College)

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